The DIY Guide to Making Candles Out of Beeswax

Creating your own beeswax candles adds a personal touch to your home and can be a great way to express your creativity. This blog post will help you make the most of beeswax and provide you with all the information you need to help you craft beautiful and safe candles. Discover the materials you will need, different methods to use, benefits of beeswax, the importance of a wick system, how to add fragrance, safety precautions when working with hot wax, decorative ideas, storage guidelines, and gift ideas. Furthermore, learn what to do if you experience any common problems.

Table of Contents

Materials Required

Making candles out of beeswax requires a few basic materials that can be acquired from a craft store or online.

  • Beeswax: Choose high-quality beeswax that is free of impurities and has a pleasant scent. Beeswax is available in both blocks and pellets, with the former being more difficult to work with, but producing a higher quality candle.

  • Wick: A quality wick is essential for any quality candle. Choose wicks made out of natural material such as hemp or cotton, and those with a metal core to ensure that the flame burns evenly and doesn’t go out easily.

  • Heating and Cooling Tools: You will need a double boiler setup, as well as something to cut and shape the wick. A knife or pair of scissors can be used in a pinch, but if you plan on making multiple candles you will likely want to invest in specific tools.

  • Containers: Choose glass containers for making candles out of beeswax, as this will help retain heat, allowing for a better burning candle. You may also want to purchase decorative containers to make it look more attractive.

White and Pink Roses in White Ceramic Vase

Making the Candle

Making candles out of beeswax is a fairly simple process.

  1. Begin by heating the beeswax in a double boiler system.
  2. Once the beeswax is melted, pour the liquid into the container of your choice.
  3. Let the beeswax cool for a few minutes before inserting the wick into the container.
  4. Using either the container’s neck or a pair of pliers, secure the wick in the center of the container.
  5. Let the beeswax cool before trimming the top of the wick.
  6. Once the candle has cooled completely, your candle is finished and ready to use.


Making candles out of beeswax was surprisingly enjoyable. The wax melted easily, poured smoothly, and cooled to a perfect shape. The honey-like scent produced was enough to fill an entire room and the flame burned steadily after trimming the wick with no effort.

The only problem I encountered was when it came time to trim the wick. The heat from the previously melted wax slightly blocked the flame, thus making it difficult to trim the wick accurately.

A Close-Up Shot of Beeswax Candles


A potential improvement would be to use the double boiler system to melt the beeswax and the pouring pot simultaneously. This would be more efficient and would produce less smoke, which could then be used to better gauge the size of the wick. Additionally, using a higher-grade wick with a metal core could also help ensure a temperature-stable flame.

Tranquil black woman making candles on cooker in workshop


For a more advanced candle making experience, you can also use beeswax molds for unique shapes or explore candle dyes for unique colors. You can also use aromatherapy oils, such as lavender and eucalyptus, to infuse a pleasant scent into the candle.

White Pillar Candle on Brown Wooden Table

Different Methods for Making Candles

Making a beautiful, fragrant candle with beeswax at home is easier than you may think. With a few simple steps, you can create a customized candle that will bring light and beauty to any space.

Preparation: What You’ll Need

To get started, here are the items you’ll need:

  • beeswax
  • wicks
  • containers (for the finished candles)
  • essential oils (optional for fragrance)
  • double boiler

Melting & Pouring

Using a double boiler, melt the desired amount of beeswax. When the wax is completely liquid, carefully pour the melted wax into the desired container. Place the wick in the center, making sure it is standing up straight. Allow the wax to harden completely before adding any additional items.


Once the wax is completely hardened, you can customize your candles with scent, decorations, or both. If adding scent, add a few drops of essential oil to the liquid wax. You can also find decorative containers, like pretty jars or molds, to give the candle a unique look.

Adding the Finishing Touches

To secure the wick, tie the top of the wick to a skewer. This will hold the wick in place while the wax hardens. Place the wick and skewer back into the container and allow the wax to cool and harden completely. Then, trim the excess wick with scissors and remove the skewer. If needed, wipe away any spilled wax with a wet cloth.

Painting the Wax

If you want to give your candle a unique look, you can paint the beeswax before pouring. Choose either oil or water-based paints, as oil-based paints may not adhere to the wax properly. When painting the wax, keep in mind that the texture of the finished candle may differ from what is painted. For example, a smooth and glossy painted surface will appear less shiny when hardened.

Embedding Objects

Another way to customize your candles is by inserting items into the wax. Use lightweight items such as herbs, flowers, and shells to add extra color and texture to the candles. Place the chosen items in the container before pouring the liquid wax. Then, be sure to hold the items in place while the wax hardens to ensure they stay in the finished candle.

Alternatives to Beeswax

If you don’t want to use beeswax, there are plenty of other waxes that can be used for candle making. Paraffin, soy, and palm wax are some of the most popular alternatives. Regardless of the wax you decide to use, the same steps above can be applied to make candles out of any type of wax.

Making your own candles with beeswax is a fun and creative project. With the right supplies and enough patience, you can make beautiful, unique candles for any occasion.

Benefits of Using Beeswax

Using beeswax to make candles is not only an economical choice, but also gives a renewable source of environmental and sustainable lighting. This is because beeswax candles produce a brighter flame and natural scent, coupled with the fact that they are non-toxic and have a longer-burning wax than the other options available. With these benefits and more, it’s no wonder that beeswax candles have become increasingly popular in today’s home lighting.


The fact that beeswax is free from any sort of toxic paraffin wax is one of its major advantages when used for candles. People use candles to create beautiful, natural lighting, and also as a part of their decor. The last thing they want is to be inhaling unwanted toxins while they are inhaling the fragrant candle scent. Beeswax candles are made with the wax of bees and are considered to be 100% non-toxic and natural.

Longer Burning

Beeswax candles also have a longer burning time than waxes that use artificial dyes and scents. That means extended candlelight without needing to light new ones, giving your family or guests more time to enjoy the ambiance of the evening.

Improves Air Quality

When you light a beeswax candle, you not only have a beautiful, safe light source, but you also help to improve the air quality in your house. Beeswax candles produce negative ions whilst burning, which binds and neutralizes some of the common airborne pollutants in your home. The purified air helps to give you a cleaner, fresher atmosphere.

Accentuates Natural Scents

The wax from bees can also often be combined with essential oils and/or other fragrances to create a unique and pleasant aroma that can fill the room. Used in combination, the scent and the wax blend together and often accentuate the natural aromas in essential oils. With the right combination of fragrance and beeswax, you can create mellow and inviting candlelight that perfectly enhances your interior and exterior decor.

Swarm Of Honey Bees

Making Your Own Beeswax Candles

Making your own beeswax candles can be surprisingly affordable, and there are some simple steps involved to make your beeswax candles.


The supplies you will need are: beeswax pellets, wick, wick tab, double boiler, container for your mold, stainless steel spoon, and pail or bucket.


The process of making candles out of beeswax is quite simple and can be done in a few steps:

  1. Place beeswax pellets in the double boiler and heat until completely melted.

  2. Measure and cut the wick to fit the container of your mold.

  3. Attach the wick tab to the wick and place in the center of the mold.

  4. Pour the melted beeswax into the mold, leaving at least an inch of space from the top.

  5. Allow the wax to cool until it is hard enough to move.

  6. Place the mold in the bucket or pail with the water.

  7. Use the stainless steel spoon to stir the wax until it cools to the desired temperature and consistency.

  8. Remove the mold from the pail or bucket and turn it onto a cooling rack.

  9. Let the candles cool completely before moving.


Making candles out of beeswax can be a rewarding and therapeutic experience. Here are some tips that may help you get more out of the process.

  • Use molds of interesting shapes and sizes to create fun candles.

  • Try using different kinds of essential oils or fragrances to make candles with unique scents.

*If you have an electric double boiler, heat the wax slowly and at low temperatures to prevent the wax from burning.

  • If the wax gets too thick for stirring, adding a small amount of hot water can help thin it out.

  • Be careful when cleaning up, as the wax can be hot and can cause burns.

Wax honeycomb with seashells and flowers

Creating a Wick System

Crafting good quality candles with beeswax requires a strong wick system. There are several different types of wicks available in the market, but in this article we will focus on organic wicks made from cotton materials and natural waxes.

To create your wick system you will need few supplies:

  • Either pure cotton string (not cotton-polyester blend) of 0.4mm thickness or square cotton braid of 0.4mm width.
  • Organic cored beeswax about 3-4 centimeters square per every 10-15 centimeters of wick used
  • A pair of scissors

Top View Photo of Two Person's Hands Weaving

Making a Wick from Cotton String

Lay the cotton string of 0.4mm thickness on a flat surface and start making coiled circles with it. Make sure to evenly space the circles of almost equal size and keep repeating the process until you have enough circles to meet the required length of the wick. Once satisfied, cut the circles using your scissors.

Using finger, tuck the end circles of the cut wick and press them tightly to join the loose ends in a tightly wound and connected fashion. Secure the wick further by wrapping the remaining circles of the wick around the pressed circles.

Young couple in elegant outfits in restaurant while blowing in candle on small cupcake and celebrating birthday near brick wall

Making a Wick from a Cotton Braid

Start by cutting out an appropriate length of the cotton braid with your scissors. Then unroll the cut braid and spread out the two pieces of the cotton thread. To join the two pieces of the thread to make a wick, tie a strong knot around the center of both the pieces. Rise each end of the wick upward and press it tightly to make a flat and even wick.

Person Holding Dewalt Cordless Hand Drill

Testing the Wick

It is extremely important to test the wick before placing it into your wax. To conduct a burn-test of the wick, carefully light the wick and observe how it burns and how fast it produces the wax. If the wick is unable to retain the flame, then it’s too light and needs to be reinforced or replaced with a thicker one. If it is overloading the flame, it is too thick to ignite the wax, and needs to be replaced with a thinner one.

Woman in Red Long Sleeve Dress Sitting on Chair

Reinforcing the Wick

Once the wick is tested and burned sufficiently, use one or two-ply thread to reinforce it. Start wrapping the thread around the wick and make sure you stick with the same direction every time. After three or four turns, make sure to tie a knot around the wick and then wrap the thread a few more turns. Additionally, use organic cored beeswax to hold the threads in their place.

Cute Little Boy Blowing Candles on Birthday Cake

Securing the Wick

For securing the wick in a jar, there are several methods available such as wax grabbers, adhesive wick holders, wick tabs etc. For the purpose of this article, we will focus on how to tie the wick to an object.

Find a lightweight object to attach the wick to, such as a pencil or a chopstick. Carefully thread the wick into an object, making sure that it is centered enough to ensure an even burn. Firmly tie a knot around the object, to secure the wick in place. Finally, cut off the excess, leaving enough room for the wax to fill in the jar.

Bee and Beehive

Finishing Touches

For the desired burn quality of the candle, there are few more steps that needs to be taken. Once your wick is secured in the jar, bend it in a U-shape to make sure that the flame is reaching all the corners. Make sure to trim the edges of the wick evenly and check the flame before pouring the wax. Additionally, make sure to give the wick enough space to burn effectively, by not overcrowding the jar with too many wicks.

White Pillar Candle on Gray Textile

Using Essential Oils to Add Fragrance

Essential oils offer a wonderful way to add fragrance and quality to your beeswax candles. These oils come in a variety of scents and aromas, providing a complex scent profile with top, middle and base notes. Not only do pure essential oils offer a range of aromatherapy benefits, they are a much better alternative to synthetic fragrances which contain potentially hazardous chemicals.

Brown Wooden Crate With Bees

Choosing the Right Essential Oil

Using the right essential oil in your candle is essential to get the best quality result. Generally, you should use natural essential oils for your candles instead of synthetic fragrance oils. Citrus oils like lemon and orange, floral oils like geranium and lavender, as well as woodsy oils like cedar and sandalwood, all work well. You can buy essential oils from a variety of places, but do ensure they are natural and from a reputable supplier. It’s often better to buy small amounts from a number of different suppliers to ensure the quality and ensure you are getting the best ingredients for your candles.

Getting the Proportion Right

When adding essential oils to beeswax candles, the ratio of wax to essential oils should be considered carefully. One of the most important components of achieving the perfect scent profile is understanding exactly how much oil is needed to properly scent your candle. To work this out, calculate the total wax weight of your candle, then use a recommended ratio of 3.5 percent to 7 percent total oils depending on the desired scent strength.

Person Holding Paintbrush

Examples and Techniques

To help you out, here’s an example of a simple scented beeswax candle. To make this candle, you’ll need beeswax and a combination of lemon and lavender essential oils. For a 300g candle, you’ll need 90ml of essential oils to properly scent your candle. This should be a ratio of 3.5 percent essential oils to total wax weight. To make the candle, melt your beeswax in a heat-resistant container, then carefully add in the essential oils. Stir the mix thoroughly and pour it into your preferred moulds. Allow the wax to fully set and cure before using the candles.

Close Up Photo of Bees

Tips and Tricks

Here are a few key tips and tricks for creating the perfect scented beeswax candle. Safety is paramount, so always exercise caution when dealing with candles and hot wax. Make sure you have proper ventilation in your workspace to avoid any fumes. Be sure to keep an eye on the wax temperature and make sure it doesn’t reach its flash point. You’ll also need to make sure to stir the mixture carefully and thoroughly, to ensure the essential oils are thoroughly distributed throughout the wax. Lastly, it’s important to follow the recommended ratio of essential oils to wax to ensure the best quality candle.

Handheld Tools Hang on Workbench

Safety Precautions When Working With Hot Wax

For those getting in to making candles out of beeswax, safety is paramount ​especially when using hot wax. Here’s what you’ll need to know and follow to ensure you’re practiced regular safety while working with hot wax.

Wear Protective Clothing

Whether you’re a beginner or an experiencedcandle maker, it’s important to always wear protective clothing when working with hot wax. This includes long sleeves, safety glasses, and heat resistant gloves. The heat emitted from heated wax can be intense and you want to keep yourself safe and protected from it.

Stay in a Ventilated Area

Also, to ensure maximum safety, make sure you’re staying in a properly ventilated area. You want to avoid having contact with any open flame, such as a stove or any form of direct heat.

Transfer Wax To Appropriate Containers

After you’ve melted your wax, make sure you pour it into appropriate holders or containers. This ensures that the wax is contained and ensures that you have a safe area to cool the wax. Once it’s cooled more sufficiently and is more hardened, it can be moved safely and taken to wherever it needs to be.

Heat Wax in Short Bursts

When heating wax it’s also important to ensure that you’re doing it in short and controlled bursts. This will help you regulate the temperature and avoid putting yourself at risk for burns. You may also want to consider investing in an accurate thermometer to further ensure that you’re aware of the temperature of your wax when it’s being heated.

Reduce The Risk of Contamination

Once your wax has cooled it’s important to store it away from sources of heat. This will help reduce the risk of contamination from any dust or dirt that may surround the area. In an interview with a hobbyist candle maker, she was wearing protective clothing and safety glasses but ended up having molten wax splatter onto her shirt and adhere itself to her skin. This was a reminder that even with safety precautions, Wax can still be a dangerous material to work with.

Staying aware and using the appropriate methods and materials when working with hot wax can help ensure that you’re practicing maximum safety and reducing the risk of injury.

how to make candles out of beeswax

Decorating Tips for Finished Candles

Once you get your candles all made up, it’s time to have some fun adding decorative elements. With just a little effort, you can take your already beautiful candles and turn them into pieces of art. Here are a few easy techniques to get you started:

Add Ribbons

You can add a more finished look to your candles with ribbons. Choose either fabric or organza ribbons to add a subtle finish to the candles. It’s important to make sure the ribbons are secured to the candle. For this, use either melted wax or glue.

Paint It

You can also choose to use paint to add personal touches and make your candles stand out. For this project, use a combination of matte and glossy tempera paints and a foam brush to create swirls and polka dots. You can also use metallic paints and pearlescent glazes to make your candles shimmer. Allow the paint to dry before using it.

Use Natural Materials

You can also customize your candles with all sorts of natural materials. Some of the most popular options are raffia, twine, and dried flowers. You can glue them on, as well as wrap them around the surface. Natural materials add a great element of texture and charm to the candles.

Create with Paper Art and Pipe Cleaners

Don’t worry, you don’t have to be an artist to get creative with paper art and pipe cleaners. Use rolled paper with different colors and widths to give your candles a unique texture. You can also use some yarn, wool, and pipe cleaners to make larger and more intricate designs for your candles. This is another great way to personalize them.

Use a Metal Principle Tool

You can also use a metal principle tool to write and design meaningful messages, initials, dates, or events on the surface of the candles. This can provide a very personal touch, and will make your candles even more special. Make sure you use a secure grip and slow, steady hands to get the best results.

It doesn’t take a lot of effort or special tools to create stunning and personalized candles out of beeswax. Use these tips to take your candle-making to the next level, and create some truly beautiful pieces.

Gray Scissors on Wooden Surface

Storage Guidelines for Beeswax Candles

Beeswax candles have amazing benefits over regular wax candles but they need proper storage in order to preserve their quality. If they’re exposed to the wrong elements, they can melt, become discolored, and develop odors.

Examples of Optimal Storage Conditions

To maximize the quality of beeswax candles, it’s essential to store them correctly. Optimal storage conditions involve keeping the wax at a steady temperature of below 90°F, preferably in the shade and away from direct sunlight. Additionally, it’s best to make sure the candles are in a place that’s completely free of humidity.

Guidelines for Storing and Transporting Candles

It’s essential to follow a few general guidelines when storing and transporting beeswax candles. Firstly, when storing beeswax candles, place them in a covered container and wrap each candle individually in wax paper. Wax paper helps to protect the candles and preserve their scent.

If you plan on transporting the candles, be sure to wrap them carefully in a layer of waterproof material, such as a tarp. This helps to keep the wax at a consistent temperature and risk any undesired moisture getting to the candles.

Stories to Illustrate Guidelines

I once had a customer who bought ten containers of beeswax candles but didn’t bother to read the instructions. Instead, he threw the boxes in the back of his truck and drove a few hours to his destination. By the time he arrived at his destination, most of the candles were no longer usable because there were cracks and irregularities in the wax.

The takeaway from this is that, if you want to protect your candles, it’s important to store and transport them accordingly. Follow the above guidelines to ensure your beeswax candles remain in proper condition and you won’t have any issues with their quality.

Various instruments hanging on wooden board in garage

Ideas for Gifting Handmade Candles

Making candles out of beeswax is a wonderful way to give a unique and creative gift. With plenty of design and packaging possibilities, handmade candles are a great way to show someone how much you care. Here, I’ll discuss the reasons why a homemade candle is such a special gift, and also provide tips on different design and packaging ideas.

Reasons to Gift a Homemade Candle

A homemade gift has a special personal touch that can be hard to replicate in a store-bought one. When gifting a candle, you can add a meaningful touch by selecting a scent or color to remember a special moment or person. The care, thoughtfulness, and uniqueness of a homemade gift shows the recipient that you went above and beyond to make something special just for them.

Other than the timeless story behind the gift, there are many reasons why homemade candles make the perfect present. One of these reasons is that you get to choose the ingredients, such as using real beeswax, to make sure the candle is of the highest quality. With a store-bought candle, you may not always be sure what materials are used. With a homemade one, you don’t need to worry about any added chemicals or fragrances of lesser quality.

Ways to Design a Personalized Candle

Selecting the design and scent of a candle is another fun way to customize your gift. Since beeswax is a naturally light, textured material, you can make sturdy and unique candle shapes, from pillars to tea lights. If you want to add a special touch, choose a color to represent what the gift is for and match it to the recipient’s favorite hue. Additionally, you can play around with adding fragrances, such as sweet honey, cheerful citrus scents, or calming lavender.

When selecting a scent and color combination, think of the recipient’s favorite place or memories associated with it. For example, if they enjoy the beach, get creative with coconut and sea salt scents along with a soothing blue and white color palette.

Tips on Packaging the Candles

You want to make sure the candle is presented in a thoughtful and creative way. This means going above and beyond with some creative packaging ideas. Place the candle in colorful tissue paper, twine, and ribbon to make a special presentation. Adding a label helps complete the look. I suggest making a card or note with a note sharing why you made the candle.

One idea for a unique gift presentation is to create small tissue paper roses to add a special touch to the candle. Fold the tissue paper into small flowers and arrange them in a basket with the candle for a beautiful presentation.

Promoting and Selling Your Handmade Candles

Another benefit of making your own candles is you can offer them to others by promoting and selling them. You can market your product through word-of-mouth, online stores, craft shows, stores, and social media platforms.

Word-of-mouth involves telling your friends and family about your product and requesting they spread the word. Social media platforms such as Instagram and Facebook can be a great way to spread the word of your custom, handmade candles. Online stores are also a great place to promote your products. You can create a website or use existing platforms, such as Etsy. To reach out to the public on a larger scale, you can set up your own store or attend craft shows.

Making candles out of beeswax is a great way to give a creative and special gift. With the thoughtfulness, uniqueness, and personalization of a homemade candle, you can show someone just how much you care. You can design and package the candles for a special and meaningful presentation, as well as promote and sell them to reach out to a larger audience.

Blades of a Wheat on a Table

Troubleshooting Common Problems

Making beeswax candles doesn’t have to be difficult. As with any art and craft, there are some common problems encountered. Here are some tips and tricks to help you troubleshoot the most common issues and make beautiful and fragrant beeswax candles.

Unsatisfactory Wick Size

Choosing the right wick size for the container you’re using is essential for a successful candle. A wick that is too small won’t produce enough heat, resulting in excess smoking or tunneling (wax burning down the center). A wick that is too large will cause too much heat, resulting in too much flame which can make the candle burn too quickly and/or unevenly. Experiment with different sizes until you find the perfect size for your container.

Soft Wax

When producing candles with a soft wax, it may be necessary to add a small amount of beeswax pellets to the melted wax. Doing so will increase the viscosity and give the wax enough stiffness to hold its form.

Uneven Wax Distribution

Uneven wax distribution is a common problem faced by candle makers. To prevent this, pour slowly and evenly. If possible, rotate the container in quick and even motions while pouring. Make sure not to disturb the setting wax before it completely cools.

Wax Not Adhering to Container

Sometimes wax doesn’t stick to the container properly and can even fall off if turned upside down. To ensure this doesn’t happen, try adding a small amount of stearic acid to the melted wax before pouring it into the container. This will not only help the wax adhere better but also allows for a cleaner and more aesthetically appealing finish.

Poor Scent Retention

When making beeswax candles, fragrance oil can be used to add a desired scent. If the desired scent isn’t coming through strongly enough, the oil may be under-scented. The scent will only be as strong as the amount of oil used. Increasing the amount of oil you use will result in a stronger scent. In some cases, beeswax may have a natural sweet scent that could be overpowering the added fragrance oil. To combat this, add a bit more of the desired scent every time you make a candle.

Brown and Red Leaves on Gray Wooden Surface


Making candles out of beeswax is a fun, simple and It is an enjoyable craft that can make a great gift. With a few simple supplies, some creativity and a few fun techniques, you can create vibrant, homemade candles that are both fragrant and beautiful. It is important to take safety precautions when working with hot wax, and proper storage guidelines should be followed to ensure the longevity of the beeswax candles you make. With a few tips and tricks, any crafter can make beeswax candles. Experimenting with different methods, waxes and fragrances can help you create stunning, custom-made beeswax candles that you can be proud of.

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