Chickens Nests: What They Are and How to Use Them

If you’re a backyard chicken keeper, one of the essential pieces of equipment for your coop setup is a nest box. Chickens will lay their eggs in the nest, which provides protection and keeps them safe until they are ready to be collected. Nest boxes come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and can be made from a number of materials. This article will discuss what chickens nests are, the advantages of using nesting boxes, different types available, location considerations, material choices, size & shape requirements, how many nests you need, setting up your nest box, cleaning out the nests regularly and providing bedding inside.

What Is A Chicken Nest?

A chicken nest is an enclosed area with a comfortable interior where chickens lay their eggs. The purpose of a chicken nest is to protect the eggs while they develop before hatching. It also gives hens privacy and helps keep eggs clean by preventing dirt and debris from getting on them. Nest boxes are usually located within the coop, although some owners prefer to place them outside or even hang them from trees.

Advantages Of Using A Nest Box

Using a nest box offers several benefits for both chickens and owners alike. For chickens, it encourages regular egg-laying since hens tend to prefer private areas when laying eggs. Additionally, it makes it easier for the owner to collect eggs since all the eggs will be in one spot rather than scattered around the coop. Lastly, it allows owners to control conditions such as temperature, humidity and light exposure, which can help improve egg quality.

Types Of Chicken Nesting Boxes

Nest boxes come in a variety of shapes and sizes depending on your needs. Popular options include traditional wooden boxes, plastic trays, hanging baskets and even specially designed boxes that make collecting eggs easy. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages so do research before deciding which one is right for you.

Location Of The Nest Box

When choosing the location for your nest box, consider factors like access, ventilation, insulation and shade. The nest should be easily accessible but not too close to roosts or feeders where droppings could get into the box. You should also ensure that there is adequate ventilation to prevent moisture buildup that can lead to mold growth. Lastly, choose a location that is well insulated and protected from extreme temperatures and harsh weather conditions.

Materials Used In Building Nest Boxes

The material used to construct a nest box is important because it affects durability, maintenance needs and comfort level for the birds. Commonly used materials include wood, metal and plastic, each of which offer different benefits. Wood is affordable and aesthetically pleasing but requires regular maintenance due to rot and pest damage. Metal is more durable and resistant to pests but may require additional insulation to provide warmth during cold months. Plastic is lightweight and easy to maintain but may become brittle over time.

Size & Shape Considerations When Choosing A Nest Box

The size of the nest box depends on the size of your flock and type of bird. Generally speaking, most chickens require about 10 inches x 10 inches of floor space per bird. Additionally, you should pay attention to the height as well; if it’s too low, birds may feel cramped and uncomfortable. As far as shape goes, round or oval boxes often work better for larger flocks since multiple birds can use them at once without feeling crowded.

How Many Nest Boxes Do I Need?

How many nest boxes you need depends on the size of your flock and type of bird. Generally speaking, one nest box per 4-5 hens is recommended. However, some people opt for 2-3 times this amount to give their birds plenty of choice. If possible, try to provide enough nest boxes so that no hen has to wait in line or share her nest with another bird.

Setting Up Your Nest Box

Setting up your nest box correctly is key to ensuring that your birds are comfortable when laying eggs. Start by adding some bedding material like straw or hay to make the bottom of the box soft and cozy. Make sure there is good drainage in case any liquid accumulates inside the box; you don’t want water seeping out onto the ground or nearby surfaces! Afterward, position the box near the walls of the coop so it doesn’t take up valuable floor space. Lastly, add a lip or rim around the entrance hole to prevent eggs from rolling out.

chicken nest

Cleaning Out The Nest Boxes Regularly

Regular cleaning of nest boxes is essential for keeping your flock healthy and productive. Old bedding should be removed and replaced with fresh material every week or two to keep things sanitary and reduce potential health risks. Additionally, you should inspect each egg before collection to ensure it’s clean and free from contaminants. Doing this simple task can help avoid illness and injury in your flock!

Providing Bedding In The Nest

Providing bedding material in the nest is necessary to ensure that chickens are comfortable while laying eggs. Soft materials like straw or hay absorb excess moisture and help insulate against heat and cold. Additionally, they create a layer between eggs and rough surfaces, reducing breakage and making eggs less likely to roll away when they’re being collected. Be sure to replace old bedding regularly so it stays clean and dry – this will encourage your birds to return to the same spot each day!


In conclusion, having a proper chicken nest is an essential part of owning backyard chickens. Nests come in various shapes and sizes, allowing you to find one that meets your specific needs. Additionally, using nesting boxes offers several benefits including improved egg quality and convenience when collecting eggs. Finally, remember to provide clean bedding material inside the box for added comfort and make sure it is placed in a convenient location within the coop for easy access!

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